Accession Number : ADA305105

Title :   Chinese Military, Economic, and Political Reform: Survey and Chronology.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Jul-31 Dec 87,

Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC FEDERAL RESEARCH DIV

Personal Author(s) : Wang, Ernestine H.

PDF Url : ADA305105

Report Date : DEC 1987

Pagination or Media Count : 79

Abstract : During the second half of 1987, the prospects for further comprehensive reform of China's economic and political systems improved with the victory of reformists over their leftist opponents at the 13th Chinese Communist Party (CCP) Congress (25 October-2 November 1987). Zhao Ziyang, elected as CCP General Secretary by the Congress, expounded the theory of the initial stage of socialism, an ideological justification for further economic and political reform and experimentation. Although many powerful CCP leaders doubtless disagreed with or had reservations about some of the reforms Zhao proposed, their disagreements generally reflected concern over the timing or likely economic effect of particular reforms or the conflicting interests of particular industrial or bureaucratic constituencies. Disagreements were less likely to result from ideological concerns or to be expressed in the absolute, uncompromising terms of the leftists. A number of particular reforms of the military, economic, and political structures were introduced at the working level. The People's Liberation Army (PLA) continued its noncontroversial reforms intended to increase military proficiency through providing better training for officers and restructuring military units to enable them to coordinate various service arms such as artillery, infantry, and armor. Reforms in equipment development and supply introduced contracts and competitive bidding to the military-industrial sector. Markets for foods, capital, raw materials, and urban real estate continued to expand, and party leaders, although postponing price reform, pressed state factories to adopt managerial responsibility systems to become more productive and responsive to market demands.

Descriptors :   *POLITICAL SCIENCE, *ECONOMICS, *MILITARY DOCTRINE, *MODIFICATION, *CHINA, *CORRECTIONS, ARMOR, MILITARY PERSONNEL, NATIONAL SECURITY, MARKETING, LEADERSHIP, EMPLOYMENT, MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), INFANTRY, MILITARY MODERNIZATION, OFFICER PERSONNEL, PROFICIENCY, CIVIL AFFAIRS, ARTILLERY, INCOME, URBAN AREAS, INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, DEMOCRACY, INDUSTRIAL PERSONNEL, SOCIALISM.

Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE