Accession Number : ADA305109

Title :   Chinese Military, Economic, and Political Reform: Survey and Chronology.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1 Jan-31 Dec 85,

Corporate Author : LIBRARY OF CONGRESS WASHINGTON DC FEDERAL RESEARCH DIV

Personal Author(s) : Wang, Ernestine H.

PDF Url : ADA305109

Report Date : DEC 1985

Pagination or Media Count : 118

Abstract : The Chinese political, economic, and military reforms begun with the 3rd Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) in December 1978 continued during 1985. The responsibility system which allows farmers to choose what they will produce and to sell at a floating market price resulted in an increase of over 15 percent in the output of meat and vegetables in 1985, with food supplies plentiful in rural areas as well as urban-markets. The township enterprises, a new addition in the rural economy, have been developed at a rapid pace without reliance on state aid. The success of rural reform led to the initiation of urban reform in October 1984. The Chinese leadership has modified the economic structure to allow for public ownership with collective management and a greater role for the market economy. Price reform and wage reform were introduced, requiring enterprises to take responsibility for profits and losses. Chinese industrial output value showed a rapid growth, especially in consumer goods such as color televisions and refrigerators. However, when this growth reached 23 percent in the first half of 1985, it was necessary to apply more stringent controls. With these tightened controls, a more reasonable growth of 8 percent was recorded in December 1985.

Descriptors :   *POLITICAL SCIENCE, *ECONOMICS, *MILITARY DOCTRINE, *MODIFICATION, *CHINA, *CORRECTIONS, FOREIGN POLICY, CONTROL, MILITARY STRATEGY, FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY, MARKETING, LEADERSHIP, EDUCATION, GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN), MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), MILITARY CAPABILITIES, MILITARY TRAINING, BUDGETS, MILITARY MODERNIZATION, EXCHANGE, AGRICULTURE, POLITICAL PARTIES, COMMUNISM, NATIONAL DEFENSE, RURAL AREAS, DECENTRALIZATION, URBAN PLANNING, MILITARY DOWNSIZING, MILITARY ART.

Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE