Accession Number : ADA305126

Title :   Hygrothermal Influence on Delamination Behavior of Graphite/Epoxy Laminates,

Corporate Author : NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON DC

Personal Author(s) : Garg, Amar ; Ishai, Ori

PDF Url : ADA305126

Report Date : MAR 1984

Pagination or Media Count : 46

Abstract : The hygrothermal effect on the fracture behavior of graphite/epoxy laminates has been investigated as part of an overall effort to develop a methodology for damage-tolerance predictions in advanced composite materials. Several T3OO/934 laminates were tested using a number of specimen configurations (double cantilever, compact tension, and cracked lap shear) in order to evaluate the effects of temperature and humidity on delamination fracture toughness under Mode I and Mode II loading. The specimens were exposed to different humidity levels and temperatures for varying periods of time prior to testing. The pre-exposed specimens were tested under room conditions, and fracture energies during initiation and propagation were estimated. Acoustic emission was used to detect crack initiation. It was indicated that moisture has a slightly beneficial influence on fracture toughness or critical strain energy release rate during Mode I delamination, but has a slightly deleterious effect on Mode II delamination and Mode I transverse cracking. The failed specimens were examined by SEM and topographical differences due to fracture modes were identified. The effect of moisture on fracture topography could not be distinguished. (AN)

Descriptors :   *EPOXY LAMINATES, *DELAMINATION, STRESS STRAIN RELATIONS, LOAD DISTRIBUTION, STRESS ANALYSIS, FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS, TENSILE STRESS, CRACKING(FRACTURING), DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, DISPLACEMENT, FIBER REINFORCED COMPOSITES, TOUGHNESS, MATRIX MATERIALS, MOISTURE CONTENT, FRACTURE(MECHANICS), CRACK PROPAGATION, TEMPERATURE GRADIENTS, SHEAR STRESSES, TENSION, TOLERANCES(MECHANICS), FAILURE(MECHANICS), ACOUSTIC EMISSIONS, HUMIDITY, GRAPHITE EPOXY COMPOSITES, CANTILEVER BEAMS, STRESS CONCENTRATION.

Subject Categories : Laminates and Composite Materials

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE