Accession Number : ADA305349

Title :   Selling the Bosnian Myth to America: Buyer Beware,

Corporate Author : ARMY COMMAND AND GENERAL STAFF COLL FORT LEAVENWORTH KS SCHOOL OF ADVANCED MIL ITARY STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Sray, John E.

PDF Url : ADA305349

Report Date : OCT 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 32

Abstract : 'The creation of a Serbian Republic within Bosnia is a victory for racist fanatics.' (Anthony Lewis) 'A political solution' in the Balkans is Orwellian diplo-speak for yielding land to Serbia that it seized by indiscriminate violence.' (Albert Wohlstetter) 'We should arm the victims of aggression.' (William Safire) This type of advocacy rhetoric regarding the Bosnian Muslim government in Sarajevo finally grew sufficiently deafening to dupe NATO into prosecuting the civil war against the Bosnian Serbs. These words stirred souls and ignited passions but frequently bore little resemblance to reality. In fact, America has not been so pathetically deceived since Robert McNamara helped to micromanage and escalate the Vietnam War while secretly lacking the intestinal fortitude to state his personal convictions of self-doubt about the enterprise to the President and nation. Popular perceptions pertaining to the Bosnian Muslim government (Bosniacs as they prefer to be called) have been forged by a prolific propaganda machine. A strange combination of three major spin doctors, including public relations (PR) firms in the employ of the Bosniacs, media pundits, and sympathetic elements of the U.S. State Department, have managed to manipulate illusions to further Muslim goals. Differing styles, approaches, and emphases make it difficult to discern collusion among these groups, but a degree of overlap does become apparent when evaluating their activities. For example, the combined emotive power of their efforts enabled them to leverage the debate in Congress where many experts (who should surely know better) supported lifting the arms embargo to help these 'innocent Muslim victims' level the playing field against the Bosnian Serb Army (BSA). (Author)

Descriptors :   *INTERVENTION, *PUBLIC OPINION, *BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA, MILITARY INTELLIGENCE, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), FOREIGN POLICY, NATO, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, LEADERSHIP, GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN), POLITICAL ALLIANCES, GEOPOLITICS, SMALL ARMS, CASUALTIES, MEDIA, ETHNIC GROUPS, PUBLIC RELATIONS, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, RELIGION, SERBIA, CROATIA, CRIMES, POLITICAL NEGOTIATIONS, PROPAGANDA, RACE RELATIONS, BATTLE MANAGEMENT, PEACEKEEPING.

Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE