Accession Number : ADA305626

Title :   Korea in the 21st Century.

Descriptive Note : Research memorandum,

Corporate Author : CENTER FOR NAVAL ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA

Personal Author(s) : Bracken, Paul

PDF Url : ADA305626

Report Date : FEB 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 50

Abstract : Between 1960 and today South Korea has gone from being poor to being middle class, from being rural to being urban, from having primary industries to having secondary and increasingly tertiary industries, and from having an inferiority complex with respect to Japan to having an attitude that could develop into chauvinism. The problem for the future is whether Korea can successfully continue its economic progress in a world that is more competitive, more wary of exploitative economic practices, and more dominated by large surrounding countries that have in the past been enemies. There is no way that Korea can deal confidently with such giants as China, Russia, and Japan on its own. In the future, Seoul may try to balance off China and Japan, which represent the historic threats to the Peninsula. In the Korean view, only the U.S. presence in the Pacific prevents the otherwise inevitable Japanese rearmament that could follow, for example, the emergence of China as a military power. Because Koreans are not convinced that the United States will be present in Northeast Asia for the longer term, and because Korea does not trust either China or Japan, (certainly not to the degree that it has trusted the United States), Korea is building a modern navy. That navy is to show the flag, help protect Korea's sea lines of communication, and contribute, more than symbolically, to multilateral naval efforts. Such a navy could be regarded with suspicion by Japan, China, or Russia, unless Korea remained anchored in some security relationship with the United States.

Descriptors :   *FOREIGN POLICY, *POLITICAL SCIENCE, *SOUTH KOREA, NORTH KOREA, INDUSTRIES, COMPETITION, FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY, ECONOMIC IMPACT, GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN), MILITARY FORCES(FOREIGN), POLITICAL ALLIANCES, JAPAN, MILITARY CAPABILITIES, DEFICIENCIES, PATTERNS, RUSSIA, AREA SECURITY, NAVAL PLANNING, DEFENSE PLANNING, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, CHINA, FOREIGN AID, STRATEGIC AREAS.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE