Accession Number : ADA305847

Title :   Evaluation of Infrared Tympanic Thermometers on Mild Hypothermic Subjects and in Cold Environments.

Corporate Author : DEFENCE AND CIVIL INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE DOWNSVIEW (ONTARIO)

Personal Author(s) : Ducharme, M. B. ; Frim, J.

PDF Url : ADA305847

Report Date : NOV 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 20

Abstract : The objective of the present study was to evaluate infrared tympanic thermometers (ITTs) on hypothermic subjects and under operationally relevant ambient conditions. Eight subjects (2 of them female) were cooled in 8-10 deg C water for 25 min on three occasions. Tympanic temperatures obtained with three brands of ITTs (Genius, Thermoscan, and Diatek) were compared to three other core temperature estimates (esophageal, rectal, and ear canal) during the cold water immersions, and in a second series of experiments, to a temperature controlled target in cold air environments. On average, tympanic temperature (Tty) measured from the three ITT instruments was 0.99 plus or minus 0.18 deg C lower than the other core estimates. The differences between Tty and each of the three core estimates were not different, but the three differences were larger for the Genius ITT (1.49 plus or minus 0.36 deg C) compared to the two other instruments (0.63 plus or minus 0.21 deg C for Diatek; 0.63 plus or minus 0.20 deg C for Thermoscan). Furthermore, the ITT instruments failed to perform adequatly in the cold. It was concluded that tympanic temperature measured by ITT instruments underestimates core temperature during hypothermia in humans, and the ITTs can not be used below their specified operating temperature.

Descriptors :   *COLD REGIONS, *TEMPERATURE CONTROL, *INFRARED RADIATION, *COLD WATER, *HYPOTHERMIA, TEMPERATURE, CORES, HUMANS, AIR, WATER, TARGETS, ESTIMATES, IMMERSION, EAR, THERMOMETERS, CANALS, MIDDLE EAR.

Subject Categories : Stress Physiology
      Radiobiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE