Accession Number : ADA305911

Title :   Uptake of Carboxyfluorenscein-Containing Liposomes by Peyer's Patch and Non-Peyer's Patch Tissue of the Rat Intestine.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 9 Jun-3 Aug 95,

Corporate Author : ARMY NATICK RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT AND ENGINEERING CENTER MA

Personal Author(s) : Porter, William L. ; Matthew, Candace B. ; Lau, Olivia

PDF Url : ADA305911

Report Date : FEB 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : Studies have shown that stress in soldiers caused by caloric and sleep deprivation coupled with performance anxiety can markedly suppress immune function. This study was designed to test the possibility of oral targeting of liposomes containing immune-enhancing cargos to the Peyer's patch follicles of the small intestine. The mucosal immune system is the body's primary defense against the entry of infectious agents from the intestinal lumen, and Peyer's patches (PP) are the specific lymphoid follicles located along the small intestine. This report contains the results of three studies on rats orally intubated with immune system-targeted liposomes stabilized against gastrointestinal stresses and containing a fluorescent marker, 5(6)-carboxyfluorescein (CF). In the study showing the greatest uptake, one hour after intubation, saline wash showed that 40% of liposomes fed had remained intact in the gut. In this study, total liposome CF uptake per rat was 0.12% of dose, three times that of free CF. In the 45 cm intestinal segment with the most active uptake, specific uptake of liposomal contents in PP was 0.470 nmol/cm2, compared to non-Peyer's patch (NP) of 1.64 nmollcm2. The specific uptake of liposomal contents in PP was 3.76 times that previously reported (Tomizawa, et al.), although lipid uptakes were similar. This result is partly because we achieved a 4.5 fold greater cargo loading of our liposomes. These uptakes are adequate for amplifying compounds like antigens and hormones but seem insufficient for targeting immune-enhancing nutrients. Chronic rather than single dose administration and more highly loaded liposomes or latex microspheres may improve uptakes.

Descriptors :   *LIPOSOMES, *CARBOXYLIC ACIDS, *GASTROINTESTINAL SYSTEM, STRESSES, HORMONES, TISSUES(BIOLOGY), DEFENSE SYSTEMS, RATS, LOADING(HANDLING), ARMY PERSONNEL, CARGO, DOSAGE, CYTOPLASM, TARGETING, SLEEP DEPRIVATION, INFECTIOUS DISEASES, IMMUNITY, ANTIGENS, INTESTINES, ORAL INTAKE, LATEX, CALORIFIC VALUE, INTUBATION, ANXIETY, SMALL INTESTINE.

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE