Accession Number : ADA306019

Title :   Subjective Exposure to Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Tobacco Use Among U.S. Navy Atlantic Fleet Aircraft Carrier Personnel,

Corporate Author : NAVAL HEALTH RESEARCH CENTER SAN DIEGO CA

Personal Author(s) : Hurtado, Suzanne L. ; Shappell, Scott A. ; Fraser, James R.

PDF Url : ADA306019

Report Date : 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 30

Abstract : The objective of this study was to document crew members subjective exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), smoking behavior, and attitudes regarding smoking policy aboard U.S. Atlantic Fleet carriers during a time of increased restrictions on tobacco use and to examine differences in exposure to ETS, tobacco use behavior, and attitudes among ships. Participants included 9,996 crew members aboard six aircraft carriers in the U.S. Atlantic Fleet who voluntarily completed a tobacco use survey in June 1993-and 8,348 crew members who voluntarily completed another tobacco use survey in August 1994. Overall, exposure to ETS among nonsmokers was relatively low and significantly decreased over time. The overall percentage of current smokers remained steady at 34% in both 1993 and 1994. In general, there were positive increases in attitudes regarding the ship's smoking policies. Considering individual ships, there were significant decreases in ETS exposure consistent across several measures over time for nonsmokers aboard USS America and USS Theodore Roosevelt. These results indicate that there were significant reductions in ETS exposure with more consistent reductions among ships that had greater declines in the number of designated smoking areas; however, there was very little change in the smoking rate among crew members during the time of the increased smoking restrictions.

Descriptors :   *SMOKE, *AIRCRAFT CARRIERS, *TOBACCO PLANTS, ENVIRONMENTS, EXPOSURE(GENERAL), NAVAL PERSONNEL, CONSISTENCY, REDUCTION, SURVEYS, CREWS, FLEETS(SHIPS), BEHAVIOR, ATLANTIC OCEAN.

Subject Categories : Marine Engineering
      Biology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE