Accession Number : ADA306072

Title :   Race and Injury Among Army Basic Trainees,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA

Personal Author(s) : Bell, Nicole ; Amoroso, Paul ; Hemenway, David ; Mangione, Tom ; Jones, Bruce

PDF Url : ADA306072

Report Date : MAY 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 22

Abstract : Injuries due to exercise and training are cammon, particularly in Army populations. Few studies have examined the relationship between race and such injuries. Eight-hundred and sixty-one male and female Army trainees were followed over their 8 week Basic training course. This program, with its standardized activities and similar risk exposures provides a unique study environment. Demographic, body composition and physical fitness characteristics were measured on all volunteers. Fifty-two percent were white and 39% black. White trainees were significantly fatter and weaker than black trainees. White female trainees were significantly more likely to experience a time-loss injury than black female trainess (52% vs 32%, ER = 1.6, p<.05). White males had slightly higher rates than black male trainees, 19% and 14%, respectively (ER = 1.4, p%.O5). The differences in overall injury rates could not be explained by differences in body composition and physical fitness. For time-loss injuries, white female trainees had 3.7 times greater odds of injury than black female trainees, even after controlling for other factors (p<.05).

Descriptors :   *ARMY PERSONNEL, *WOUNDS AND INJURIES, *MILITARY TRAINING, *PHYSICAL FITNESS, *MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, ENVIRONMENTS, HIGH RATE, TRAINING, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, VOLUNTEERS, RATES, STANDARDIZATION, HUMAN BODY, MALES, COURSES(EDUCATION), TRAINEES, ARMY, FEMALES, BLACK(COLOR).

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Anatomy and Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE