Accession Number : ADA306073

Title :   High Injury Rates Among Female Army Trainees: A Function of Gender?

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA

Personal Author(s) : Bell, Nicole S. ; Mangione, Thomas W. ; Hemenway, David ; Amoroso, Paul J. ; Jones, Bruce H.

PDF Url : ADA306073

Report Date : MAY 1994

Pagination or Media Count : 23

Abstract : Injuries are common among those who engage in vigorous physical activity, particularly among military Basic Trainees. This is a unique population for the study of injuries as many potential confounders are controlled by the highly standardized environment. Previous studies of injury have identified body composition, physical fitness and gender as risk factors. Studies also indicate that women enter the Army less physically fit than their male counterparts. Hence, it is not clear whether the higher incidence of injuries among female trainees is due to their lower fitness or to gender per Se. Eight-hundred and sixty-one trainees were followed during their 8 week basic training course. Demographic characteristics, body composition and physical fitness were assessed. Female trainees experienced twice as many injuries as male trainees, 57% versus 27%, respectively (RR = 2.1). When the injury and gender relationship was stratified on aerobic fitness, the gender differential was no longer significant.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY PERSONNEL, *PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, *WOUNDS AND INJURIES, *MILITARY TRAINING, *PHYSICAL FITNESS, *WOMEN, ENVIRONMENTS, HIGH RATE, RISK, PREDICTIONS, TRAINING, MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS, POPULATION, STANDARDIZATION, HUMAN BODY, MALES, COURSES(EDUCATION), TRAINEES, ARMY, STRATIFICATION, FEMALES.

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Stress Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE