Accession Number : ADA306219
Title : Preliminary Assessment of the Potential Impact of Fog Oil Smoke on Selected Threatened and Endangered Species.
Descriptive Note : Final rept.,
Corporate Author : CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING RESEARCH LAB (ARMY) CHAMPAIGN IL
Personal Author(s) : Getz, Lowell L. ; Reinbold, Keturah A. ; Tazik, David J. ; Hayden, Timothy J. ; Cassels, Debra M.
PDF Url : ADA306219
Report Date : JAN 1996
Pagination or Media Count : 48
Abstract : The use of smokes and obscurants is a critical component of military tactical training. Fog oil is the most commonly available smoke/obscurant material used during training exercises. Exposure to smokes and obscurants is perceived to constitute a potential negative impact on individuals or populations of threatened and endangered species present in training areas. Currently, the data are inadequate to provide an accurate assessment of the potential impact of smokes and obscurants, as currently used by the military, on threatened and endangered species occupying training installations. This research provides a preliminary assessment of the environmental impacts of fog oil smoke used in training exercises based on available data and information (and assumptions stated in the report), especially as they might affect threatened and endangered species. This research also identifies specific data and information gaps that should be the focus of future research efforts. Only by obtaining such data and filling such gaps can land managers ensure compliance with Federal regulations while minimizing constraints on training programs.
Descriptors : *SMOKE MUNITIONS, *ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, *SMOKE, *ENDANGERED SPECIES, *MINERAL OILS, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, EXPOSURE(GENERAL), TRAINING, ACCURACY, POPULATION, INSTALLATION, MANAGEMENT PERSONNEL, MILITARY TRAINING, TACTICAL WARFARE, REGULATIONS, LAND AREAS, OBSCURATION.
Subject Categories : Ecology
Air Pollution and Control
Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE