Accession Number : ADA306707

Title :   Military Readiness: A Clear Policy Is Needed To Guide Management of Frequently Deployed Units.

Corporate Author : GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL A FFAIRS DIV

PDF Url : ADA306707

Report Date : APR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 28

Abstract : This General Accounting Office (GAO) report addresses concerns that the time military personnel are spending away from home on deployments - commonly called personnel tempo (PERSTEMPO) - has increased and is stressing portions of the military community and adversely affecting readiness. The GAO was asked to review: (1) U.S. forces' frequency of deployments in recent years; (2) the effect of increased PERSTEMPO on the readiness of U.S. forces; and (3) Department of Defense (DOD) actions to mitigate the impact of high PERSTEMPO, including efforts to create systems for measuring PERSTEMPO. The end of the Cold War and the evolution of a new security environment have resulted in new operating realities for the U.S. military. Amid significant reductions in the overall size of U.S. forces, defense budgets, and overseas presence, the U.S. military must continue to deploy its forces for traditional combat training and simultaneously manage increased demands to deploy forces for peace operations and other activities. U.S. military forces have participated in peace operations for many years. For example, the United States has committed military personnel to the Multinational Force and Observers since 1982 to ensure that Israel and Egypt abide by the provisions of the Sinai Peace Treaty. However, in recent years, U.S. participation in peace operations has grown. In 1992 alone, the United States began deployments eventually totaling 26,000 personnel to Somalia, 3,000 to Bosnia, and 14,000 to Southwest Asia The ongoing deployment to Bosnia is expected to involve over 20,000 troops. Congress and others have expressed concern about the overall impact of peace operations on unit and personnel readiness.

Descriptors :   *POLICIES, *COMBAT READINESS, *MANPOWER UTILIZATION, *COMBAT FORCES, *OVERSEAS, *RAPID DEPLOYMENT, MAINTENANCE, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), MILITARY OPERATIONS, ISRAEL, COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, CONGRESS, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, DEPLOYMENT, UNITED STATES, PEACETIME, EGYPT, OPERATIONAL READINESS, COLD WAR, MILITARY TRAINING, TREATIES, PERSONNEL DEVELOPMENT, MILITARY BUDGETS, WESTERN SECURITY(INTERNATIONAL), MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS, SINAI.

Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE