Accession Number : ADA306933

Title :   Factors that Influence Training Effectiveness. A Conceptual Model and Longitudinal Analysis.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 1991-1992,

Corporate Author : NAVAL TRAINING SYSTEMS CENTER ORLANDO FL

Personal Author(s) : Tannenbaum, Scott I. ; Cannon-Bowers, Janis A. ; Salas, Eduardo ; Mathieu, John E.

PDF Url : ADA306933

Report Date : AUG 1993

Pagination or Media Count : 121

Abstract : Recent advances in technology and rapid changes in the world have placed increasingly stringent demands on the human operator in many military systems. The need for improved and more varied skill levels, coupled with current fiscal constraints, requires that modern military training systems impart the complicated, higher-order skills required to operate modern combat systems. Furthermore, this must be accomplished in less time, and with a lower dollar investment than in recent history. Therefore, the modern training challenge demands an optimization of training resources--a return on investment that results in an umcompromisingly high level of readiness at the lowest possible cost, and in the shortest time. The purpose of the present research was to advance understanding of effective training system design by investigating factors that may significantly affect the success of training in terms of performance improvement in the operational environment. The benefit of such work is that it can lead to generalizable training design guide- lines that will increase the probability of effective training with a relatively small investment. In order to accomplish this goal, a comprehensive model of training effectiveness was developed by synthesizing several diverse literatures. This model was used as a basis to specify testable hypotheses. A large-scale data collection effort was then conducted with Navy recruits as an initial test of predictions from the model. Results indicated that several 'non-technical' factors had a significant impact on training outcomes in this setting. These factors included: self-confidence, task-related attitudes, expectations for training, training fulfillment, and pre-training motivation.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY TRAINING, *OPERATORS(PERSONNEL), TEST AND EVALUATION, INVESTMENTS, SKILLS, PREDICTIONS, MODELS, NAVAL PERSONNEL, OPERATIONAL READINESS, WEAPON SYSTEMS, TEST METHODS, OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS, COSTS, LEVEL(QUANTITY), DATA ACQUISITION, HYPOTHESES, MOTIVATION, RECRUITS, LONGITUDE.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE