Accession Number : ADA306942

Title :   The Diffusion of Military Technologies to Foreign Nations; Arms Transfers Can Preserve the Defense Technological and Industrial Base,

Corporate Author : AIR UNIV MAXWELL AFB AL SCHOOL OF ADVANCED AIRPOWER STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : DelGrego, William J.

PDF Url : ADA306942

Report Date : MAR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 47

Abstract : The purpose of this paper is to recommend that the United States government maintain the defense technological and industrial base (DTIB) by aggressively supporting the US defense industry in the arms transfer process. Ironically, this recommendation is contrary to the position held at the onset of this research and analysis effort. It is written for the microlevel reader (the young pilot, tank operator, etc.), the macrolevel reader (US government staffers and above in the State and Defense departments), and senior government officials (generals, congressmen, and senators) to inform and enhance their ability to understand the DTIB and how arms transfers can help in its preservation. To accomplish this purpose, this paper has three aims. First, it recognizes that the DTIB requires preservation. With the end of the cold war and the continuing drawdown of US military forces and equipment, the DTIB is deteriorating. In this author's view, this decline can only be arrested with the help of the US government. Second, it describes arms transfers as an instrument of foreign policy based on US national security interests and the foreign policy challenges of the day. The history of arms transfers is broken down into four periods, between 1945 and the present, to demonstrate this assertion. It predicts arms transfers will continue to be an instrument of foreign policy and can be used to enhance our DTIB. Third, it focuses on the current arms transfer decision-making process and represents it as a 'Labyrinth of Control.' This section of the paper demonstrates the maze of controls used to adequately ensure that US military technologies are not diffused to foreign nations. A common but misguided view is that the US is selling its technological superiority through arms sales.

Descriptors :   *ARMS CONTROL, *DEFENSE INDUSTRY, *INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS, WEAPONS, FOREIGN POLICY, POSITION(LOCATION), NATIONS, NATIONAL SECURITY, UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT, MARKETING, DEFENSE SYSTEMS, COLD WAR, HISTORY, INSTRUMENTATION, DIFFUSION, TRANSFER, OPERATORS(PERSONNEL).

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Mfg & Industrial Eng & Control of Product Sys

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE