Accession Number : ADA307023

Title :   A Review of the Relationship Between Tobacco Use and Musculoskeletal Injury,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA

Personal Author(s) : Amoroso, P. J. ; Reynolds, K. L. ; Dettori, J. R.

PDF Url : ADA307023

Report Date : MAR 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 4

Abstract : PURPOSE: To review the relationship between smoking and musculoskeletal injury and discuss hypotheses for the mechanism of tobacco's influence on the risk of physical injury. BACKGROUND: The role of tobacco in the morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease, cancer, and other disorders is well documented. Smokers have been shown to have impaired healing of wounds and fractures, as well as chronic demineralization of bone resulting in susceptibility to fractures. Recent studies have shown higher musculoskeletal injury rates among smokers in the U.S. Army. Smoking has been shown to be a significant risk factor for occupational injuries among postal workers, and for back injuries among other workers. DISCUSSION: The use of tobacco products is associated with a constellation of physiological and psychosocial factors which are capable of interacting to alter injury risk. These factors can be divided into two general categories: those that result in increased exposure to hazards and those that result in increased susceptibility to injury for any given hazard.

Descriptors :   *HAZARDS, *WOUNDS AND INJURIES, *MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM, *PAIN, *EXPOSURE(PHYSIOLOGY), *CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES, *TOBACCO PLANTS, HIGH RATE, RISK, PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, FRACTURE(MECHANICS), PERSONNEL, HYPOTHESES, POSTAL SERVICE, HEALING, CANCER, BONES, SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, DEMINERALIZATION.

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Stress Physiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE