Accession Number : ADA307142

Title :   The Army VTOL Surveillance Aircraft Program,

Corporate Author : ARMY MATERIEL COMMAND WASHINGTON DC RESEARCH DIV

Personal Author(s) : Schuck, G. I. ; Beebe, J.

PDF Url : ADA307142

Report Date : JAN 1963

Pagination or Media Count : 6

Abstract : The necessity for surveillance or observation of one military force by another has always been a key point of Army strategy since the earliest times. The first use of aircraft by the U. S. Army can be traced to the requirement for observation during the Civil War when hydrogen balloons were used. Surveillance was the military requirement behind the procurement of the first heavier than air craft procured by the U. S. military forces. It can be said that the Mohawk is truly a direct descendent of the Wright Model B. Previous to World War II, emphasis was placed upon the fighting type of aircraft by the Army Air Corps, which made it necessary to press into service light civilian aircraft, such as the Piper Cub, to fulfill the needs of the battlefield commander for observation and fire control of his weapons. Thus we again see the employment of aircraft as observation platforms, or in reality an extension of the ground commander's weapons system. The employment of aircraft as an organic part of and to improve the effectiveness of surface weapons typifies the Army's use of aircraft.

Descriptors :   *SURVEILLANCE, *RESEARCH AIRCRAFT, *VERTICAL TAKEOFF AIRCRAFT, GROUND LEVEL, MILITARY REQUIREMENTS, STRATEGY, EMPLOYMENT, BATTLEFIELDS, WEAPON SYSTEMS, HYDROGEN, PROCUREMENT, LIGHTWEIGHT, CIVIL AVIATION, MILITARY COMMANDERS, FIRE CONTROL SYSTEMS, ARMY AVIATION.

Subject Categories : V/STOL
      Research and Experimental Aircraft

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE