Accession Number : ADA307149

Title :   Tobacco Use and Injury Risk Among Military Parachutists,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA

Personal Author(s) : Amoroso, Paul J. ; Dettori, J. R. ; Reynolds, K. L. ; Schneider, G. A. ; Lavin, P. T.

PDF Url : ADA307149

Report Date : 06 MAR 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 5

Abstract : PURPOSE: Studies of U.S. Army soldiers have found higher rates of injury among smokers. We tested this relationship for individuals performing military parachuting an activity associated with high-energy collisions and relatively high injury rates. METHODS: Three groups of U.S. Army soldiers (N=1706) participated in one of three prospective studies. The first two groups were students participating in basic airborne training in either 1991 (n=449) or 1992 (n=848). Each student made five parachute jumps over five days. The third group was experienced soldiers from a combat ready airborne unit (n=409) each completing a single jump in 1993. All individuals were given questionnaires prior to their jumps. The outcome measure was medically attended injuries. Logistic regression was used to analyze injury type, use of cigarettes, use of smokeless tobacco, age, gender, and physical fitness test scores (maximum number of situps in two minutes, maximum number of pushups in two minutes, and a two-mile timed run). RESULTS: The risk of an injury was lower among students than combat jumpers (6.8/100 lumos vs. 130/1000 jumps).

Descriptors :   *PARACHUTES, *WOUNDS AND INJURIES, *MILITARY TRAINING, *PARACHUTISTS, *TOBACCO PLANTS, HIGH RATE, RISK, STUDENTS, PERFORMANCE TESTS, ARMY PERSONNEL, AIRBORNE, REGRESSION ANALYSIS, HIGH ENERGY, LOGISTICS, PHYSICAL FITNESS, QUESTIONNAIRES, SCORING, COLLISIONS, SMOKELESS PROPELLANTS, TOBACCO SMOKING.

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Gliders and Parachutes
      Medicine and Medical Research
      Toxicology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE