Accession Number : ADA307199

Title :   Anti-Emetic Drug Effects on Pilot Performance, Phase 2: Simulation Test.

Descriptive Note : Interim rept. Jun 95-Apr 96,

Corporate Author : SYSTEMS RESEARCH LABS INC SAN ANTONIO TX

Personal Author(s) : French, Jonathan ; Poole, Eric ; Benline, Terry A.

PDF Url : ADA307199

Report Date : APR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 54

Abstract : The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effects of two anti-emetic drugs, granisetron (2 mg oral dose) and ondansetron (8 mg oral dose), on flying and mission performance in an F-16 research simulator. The experimental approach, involving 9 pilots, was a placebo controlled, double blind, crossover design. Each pilot flew three defensive counter air missions. Data on eight measures of flying performance were collected via the simulator data recorder. Ratings on mission and flying performance were recorded by simulator instructor pilots. Data were also collected on symptoms and side effects. mood and vigilance. This study, carried out in the context of a simulated tactical air-to-air combat mission, produced no significant differences between the target drugs and placebo on any of the eight objective flying performance measures or on a composite measure of landing performance. There were no differences in evaluator ratings of routine mission flying or air combat performance. Pilots could not distinguish active drug from placebo and there were no differences on any of the mood scales. These results confirm our earlier findings that the drugs of interest are well tolerated and preduce no cognitive, psychomotor or subjective state changes. In this study, there was no evidence of performance degradation caused by either granisetron or ondansetron when tested in a complex military task environment.

Descriptors :   *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), *PILOTS, *SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS, *DRUGS, *ANTIEMETICS, SIMULATORS, SIMULATION, MEASUREMENT, EXPERIMENTAL DATA, DEGRADATION, VIGILANCE, TARGETS, FLIGHT, AERIAL WARFARE, MISSIONS, RECORDING SYSTEMS, RATINGS, INSTRUCTORS, PLACEBOS, PSYCHOMOTOR TESTS, LANDING, APPROACH.

Subject Categories : Pharmacology
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE