Accession Number : ADA307239

Title :   U.S. Foreign Policy and the Baltic States.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s) : Shuey, Karin A.

PDF Url : ADA307239

Report Date : MAR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 68

Abstract : This thesis examines U. S. foreign policy toward the Baltic states from 1918 to 1991 to determine if the U.S. has been realistic in its dealings with small nations. An analysis of U.S. policy indicates that the United States acts hypocritically by accepting compromises on the very moral principals to which it claims to be the protectorate of when domestic political costs are high. The sacrifice of national values degrades the credibility of the moral high ground necessary for U.S. policy. This study reviews the events that occurred during the three major periods in U.S.-Baltic relations: The initial period of Baltic independence following World War I; the Soviet annexation of the Baltics during World War II: and finally the beginning of the second period of Baltic independence during the breakup of the Soviet Union. In all three cases U.S. policy was unclear and contradictory. The Baltic case provides a good example of the tendency for U.S. policy to be paradoxical and ineffective. This study concludes that despite the U.S. policy of nonrecognition of the Soviet annexation of the Baltic states during the Cold War, the United States failed to adhere to its principals when given the opportunity. In the process, it also neglected problems within its borders that required attention perhaps more urgently than those outside. The tendency for U.S. policy to ignore the issues that actually threaten its security internally and placing a higher priority on external matters that do not have a real impact on its standing could likely lead to its inadvertent downfall.

Descriptors :   *FOREIGN POLICY, *UNITED STATES, *HISTORY, *INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS, *BALTIC COUNTRIES, NUCLEAR WEAPONS, USSR, POLITICAL SCIENCE, NATIONAL SECURITY, THESES, LIMITATIONS, COLD WAR, ETHICS, COMMUNISM.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE