Accession Number : ADA307344

Title :   Operational Deception in the Gulf War: Implications for the Joint Commander.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI

Personal Author(s) : Rolaf, Eric L.

PDF Url : ADA307344

Report Date : 14 JUN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 26

Abstract : The Gulf War provided an opportunity for contemporary warfighters to observe the potential benefits afforded the operational commander who can effectively apply operational deception. From the outset of hostilities. General Schwartzkopf emphasized the need to use deception and directed that it be included as an integral aspect of operational planning. The conceptual planning bears this out as well as the actual execution of the highly successful 'left hook' through the desert that was made possible by use of a well-orchestrated deception plan. The American military leadership has since taken many of the lessons from the Gulf War and formalized the role of deception planning at the joint level. Likewise the Gulf War had implications regarding the demand for creative and bold operational leadership in future conflicts as America comes to grips with smaller military forces and an aversion to casualties of any magnitude Advancements in technology and operational art applied vigorously in formulating warfighting strategy will provide a solution through the combat multiplier effect of operational deception. Today, and in the future, it will be incumbent upon all joint operational commanders to maximize the combat effectiveness of assigned forces through the careful application of all warfighting implements available. Clearly, one of the most effective means available will be operational deception.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *MILITARY STRATEGY, *MILITARY COMMANDERS, *DECEPTION, MILITARY PERSONNEL, WARFARE, COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, IRAQ, KUWAIT, LEADERSHIP, PLANNING, CASUALTIES, SAUDI ARABIA.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE