Accession Number : ADA307401

Title :   Retaliation to a Chemical Attack in a Major Regional Conflict: Courses of Action and Consequences.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI

Personal Author(s) : Crabbe, James A.

PDF Url : ADA307401

Report Date : 12 FEB 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 24

Abstract : How should the Operational Commander address retaliation to chemical warfare in his deliberate planning process? Joint Doctrine and the Gulf War appear to indicate that nuclear weapons form the basis for an appropriate retaliation course of action. However, Nuclear Posture statements, policy discussions, and military engagement post facto revelations tend to minimize the employment probability of nuclear weapons. As this negates their deterrent value, nuclear weapons do not present viable courses of action around which an executable plan can be built. On the other hand, conventional courses of action do. Through analysis of chemical weapons, current policy and doctrine, nuclear employment probability, and regional perspectives, conventional courses of action surface as the politically and militarily supportable basis for planning. In addition to being a credible deterrent, employment in a retaliatory mode is not likely to ignite the global political maelstrom incidental to instigating the potential for nuclear war.

Descriptors :   *NUCLEAR WARFARE, *MILITARY DOCTRINE, *CHEMICAL WARFARE, *CHEMICAL ORDNANCE, *MILITARY PLANNING, NUCLEAR WEAPONS, WARFARE, GULFS, POLICIES, EMPLOYMENT, PROBABILITY, ATTACK, SURFACES, PLANNING, CONFLICT, DETERRENCE, DOCTRINE, JOINT TEST AND EVALUATION.

Subject Categories : Chemical, Biological and Radiological Warfare
      Unconventional Warfare

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE