Accession Number : ADA307515

Title :   Determining Critical Meteorological and Oceanographic Factors at the Operational Level of War.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI

Personal Author(s) : Kitchen, Bruce R.

PDF Url : ADA307515

Report Date : 12 FEB 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 22

Abstract : The Operational Commander needs to clearly understand the Meteorological and Oceanographic (METOC) conditions of the theater or area of operations and their affects on the planned operation. Critical METOC factors are the METOC conditions that positively or negatively impact friendly and enemy capabilities, and affect the ability of the Operational Commander to successfully complete the mission. Not determining critical METOC factors gives the Commander a disjointed view of METOC affects on the operation and increases the potential to make poor operational decisions. This paper uses historical cases of military operations to show the results of adequate and inadequate planning for the affects of METOC conditions on military operations. The paper then examines a process for determining critical METOC factors. First, using climatology to identify the possible METOC conditions to be encountered and then determining the affects of the METOC conditions on friendly and enemy capabilities. Then using Operational Art as a framework, the Commander can determine which METOC conditions are necessary to achieve victory and which will prevent victory.

Descriptors :   *THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS, *MILITARY PLANNING, MILITARY HISTORY, LOGISTICS SUPPORT, COMBAT EFFECTIVENESS, DECISION MAKING, OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS, METEOROLOGICAL DATA, MILITARY CAPABILITIES, JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES, ENEMY, MANEUVERS, STRATEGIC WARFARE, CLIMATOLOGY, MILITARY COMMANDERS, MILITARY TACTICS, RECONNAISSANCE, MILITARY OCEANOGRAPHY, BATTLE MANAGEMENT, MILITARY ART.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE