Accession Number : ADA307628

Title :   Toxic Potency Measurement for Fire Hazard Analysis.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NATIONAL INST OF STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY GAITHERSBURG MD

Personal Author(s) : Babrauskas, Vytenis ; Levin, Barbara C. ; Gann, Richard G. ; Paabo, Maya ; Harris, Richard H., Jr

PDF Url : ADA307628

Report Date : DEC 1991

Pagination or Media Count : 119

Abstract : A comprehensive methodology has been developed for obtaining and using smoke toxicity data for fire hazard analysis. This description of the methodology comprises: determination that the post-flashover fire is the proper focus of smoke inhalation deaths; criteria for a useful bench-scale toxic potency (LC50) measurement method; a method which meets these criteria, especially validation against real-scale fires; a computational procedure for correcting the results for the CO levels observed in real-scale post-flashover fires; procedures for reducing the usage of animals and broadening the applicability of data by interpreting gas measurement data using the N-Gas Model; and a procedure for identifying whether a product produces smoke within the ordinary range of toxic potency for post-flashover fires.

Descriptors :   *TOXICITY, *SMOKE, *POTENCY, *INHALATION, *FIRE HAZARDS, MEASUREMENT, METHODOLOGY, COMPUTATIONS, VALIDATION, GASES, ANIMALS, DEATH, BENCH TESTS.

Subject Categories : Safety Engineering
      Anatomy and Physiology
      Toxicology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE