Accession Number : ADA307769

Title :   Friendly Centers of Gravity: Does Anyone Care?

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT

Personal Author(s) : Bartlett, Russell J.

PDF Url : ADA307769

Report Date : 12 FEB 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 24

Abstract : American strategic and operational planners understand and apply the concept of enemy centers of gravity (COGs) with considerable skill. Conversely, the U.S. has shown random rather than masterful effectiveness in applying these proven principles toward the identification and protection of its own COGs. Numerous historical examples exist which support the theory that sufficient emphasis is not always directed to this essential element of operational protection. Analysis of 3 historical examples (the invasion of Sicily in 1943, the Vietnam War, and Operation Desert Storm), demonstrates both successes and failures in America's efforts at own COG protection. In most cases, America emerged victorious, sometimes due largely to luck. Clearly, luck cannot be counted on to win wars. America must do better. In light of the changing face of American combat scenarios, it is simply unacceptable to neglect a comprehensive plan for protection of one's own COG. Due to the impact of Operation Desert Storm as a world-wide training tool, America's increased dependence on information technologies on the digital battlefield, increased public scrutiny of military spending, planning, and operations, and the likelihood of more 'academically astute' future aggressors, America's strategic and operational planners must dramatically increase the level of attention focused on protecting friendly centers of gravity.

Descriptors :   *CENTER OF GRAVITY, *STRATEGIC ANALYSIS, *MILITARY DOCTRINE, SCENARIOS, MILITARY OPERATIONS, DIGITAL SYSTEMS, WARFARE, GLOBAL, IRAQ, TRAINING DEVICES, BATTLEFIELDS, PROTECTION, GRAVITY, ENEMY, MILITARY PROCUREMENT, VIETNAM, SICILY.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE