Accession Number : ADA308340

Title :   Peace Operations: Reservists Have Volunteered When Needed.

Corporate Author : GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL A FFAIRS DIV

PDF Url : ADA308340

Report Date : APR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 27

Abstract : U.S. participation in peace operations has increased dramatically since the end of the Cold War in 1989. At the same time, the size of the active component has been reduced by nearly one-third, leaving fewer active forces to respond to these operations. With increased stress placed on some active forces, the role of the reserves is changing. The Department of Defense (DOD) expects the reserves to take a greater role in peace operations. While authority to order reservists involuntarily to active duty has been available for recent operations in Haiti and Bosnia, DOD will likely have to rely on volunteers to meet some of its future needs. Because of concern over peacetime access to reserve volunteers, we undertook this review to (1) determine whether qualified volunteers have been accessible for recent peace operations, (2) identify differences among the services in how much they rely on volunteers, (3) determine the factors that affect availability of volunteers, and (4) identify any actions being taken by DOD to ensure volunteers are accessible.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY RESERVES, *VOLUNTEERS, *AVAILABILITY, *CIVILIAN PERSONNEL, *PEACEKEEPING, LOGISTICS SUPPORT, MILITARY PERSONNEL, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, IRAQ, DISASTERS, MILITARY ASSISTANCE, PEACETIME, MILITARY CAPABILITIES, ACCESS, ACTIVE DUTY, MILITARY EXERCISES, MILITARY TRAINING, SOMALIA, CIVIL AFFAIRS, PSYCHOLOGICAL WARFARE, AIRLIFT OPERATIONS, PLANNING PROGRAMMING BUDGETING, BOSNIA HERZEGOVINA, FACTOR ANALYSIS, DRUG SMUGGLING, REFUELING IN FLIGHT, HAITI.

Subject Categories : Administration and Management
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE