Accession Number : ADA308776

Title :   Swords as Plowshares: The Military's Environmental Role.

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Bidlack, Harold W.

PDF Url : ADA308776

Report Date : 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 293

Abstract : This dissertation examines the conditions under which it is appropriate and likely for US military forces to become involved in helping to solve non-military environmental problems. The author hypothesizes that the unique tools and talents of the armed forces could prove usefull in mitigating many significant environmental challenges. It is concluded there is theoretical support for broadening the definitions of the terms national security and threat to include an environmental security component. The author turns to the question of when military forces should be used environmentally, developing conclusions based on data from three sources: archival (budget data, congressional testimony, and laws and regulations), elite interviews, and case studies. Eleven 'maxims' are developed that can serve as guides in environmental policy making. From these maxims, the author crafts a model that allows decision makers to consider a series of questions to determine whether military intervention is appropriate, and whether any such intervention is likely to be effective. Policy makers will make wiser evaluations of the utility of using the military in environmental situations by asking themselves the 11 questions in the decision-making mode developed in this dissertation. These questions include the need for high technology, the importance of great speed of response, the degree of public support, the quality of existing environmental management system, and the potential for danger to those responding to the environmental emergency. The conclusion is that the military can be an important environmental partner and that my model will help decision makers evaluate when the military will be most useful.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), *ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT, *MILITARY PLANNING, SOURCES, NATIONAL SECURITY, ENVIRONMENTS, EMERGENCIES, MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND CONTROL, DECISION MAKING, REACTION TIME, CASE STUDIES, RESPONSE, INTERVENTION, MILITARY BUDGETS.

Subject Categories : Military Forces and Organizations
      Environmental Health and Safety

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE