Accession Number : ADA309111

Title :   National Assistance and Civil-Military Operations: The Gap in Professional Military Education.

Descriptive Note : Research rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA

Personal Author(s) : Powers, James F., Jr

PDF Url : ADA309111

Report Date : MAR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 35

Abstract : The Department of Defense (DoD) is not properly preparing the U.S. Armed Forces to execute Civil-Military Operations (CMO) as a supporting, mission activity of Nation Assistance. Furthermore, the DoD appears to be unaware of this shortcoming and thus incapable of solving the problem due to a general lack of education and awareness regarding Nation Assistance and its component activities. This argumentative paper evaluates the national security policy area of Nation Assistance and one of the stated component activities, CMO. It traces the genesis of CMO from the President's National Security Strategy through the Secretary of Defense (SECDEF) and Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (CJCS) National Military Strategy to a break in the linkage at Service level. Civil-Military Operations are defined as the complex of activities in support of military operations embracing the interaction between the military force and civilian authorities fostering the development of favorable emotions, attitudes, and behavior in neutral, friendly, or hostile groups. The methodology used in this evaluation is the U.S. Army War College (USAWC) Ends, Ways, and Means model for developing National Strategy; i.e., Ends being the objectives, Ways the concepts, and Means the resources available. The term CMO comprises five mission activities: populace and resources control, foreign nation support, humanitarian assistance, military civic action, and civil defense.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *NATIONAL SECURITY, *EDUCATION, *MILITARY TRAINING, *CIVIC ACTION, CONTROL, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, MILITARY STRATEGY, POLICIES, CIVIL DEFENSE, STRATEGY, FOREIGN, INTERACTIONS, POPULATION, MISSIONS, DEFICIENCIES, RESOURCE MANAGEMENT, CIVILIAN PERSONNEL, AWARENESS.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Sociology and Law
      Civil Defense
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE