Accession Number : ADA309141

Title :   Occupational Analysis and Job Structures.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 30 sep 94,

Corporate Author : GEORGE WASHINGTON UNIV ALEXANDRIA VA HUMAN RESOURCES RESEARCH OFFICE

Personal Author(s) : Statman, Mary A. ; Gribben, Monica ; Harris, Dick A. ; Hoffman, Gene R.

PDF Url : ADA309141

Report Date : FEB 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 174

Abstract : The objective of this study was to review the major issues and trends in job family research and to develop a method for evaluating the quality of job cluster structures. The proposed cluster evaluation method consists of the following four components: (1) internal validation, (2) consistency analysis, (3) external comparisons and (4) validation against an external criterion. Four Army databases contining job analysis information were used to test the evaluation method. Clusters were formed by three empirical procedures: (1) Ward hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA), (2) average linkage HCA, and (3) K-means partitional clustering. The method was useful in constructing job clusters, evaluating their consistency across clustering procedures and samples, and in making external comparisons with other job family structures. It can be applied to any cluster structure evaluation problem, specifically, in the present context, to constructing new job families, developing task clusters for structuring and restructuring jobs, and evaluating the quality of existing cluster structures.

Descriptors :   *JOB ANALYSIS, TEST AND EVALUATION, DATA BASES, JOBS, INFORMATION SYSTEMS, VALIDATION, STRUCTURES, CONSISTENCY, CLUSTERING, INTERNAL, ARMY, HOSPITALS, HIERARCHIES.

Subject Categories : Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE