Accession Number : ADA309218

Title :   Musculoskeletal Disorders Related to Cigarette Smoking and Tobacco Use.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST OF ENVIRONMENTAL MEDICINE NATICK MA

Personal Author(s) : White, D. J.

PDF Url : ADA309218

Report Date : MAY 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 251

Abstract : Musculoskeletal disorders commonly occur and result in considerable disability. The identification of a modifiable risk factor for musculoskeletal disorders is of public health importance. This dissertation examined the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders and their association with cigarette and tobacco use. The first study used a cross-sectional design to assess the relationship of musculoskeletal shoulder disorders with cigarette and tobacco use in 1291 automotive manufacturing workers. Sixteen percent of the workers reported shoulder symptoms in the previous year, while 37% had signs of a shoulder disorder on physical examination. In multivariate logistic regressions controlling for age, gender, workplace ergonomics stressors and other convariates, current and former smokers had odds ratios of 1.46 and 1.20 for symptoms and 1.46 and 1.27 for signs of shoulder disorders, respectively, as compared to never smokers. A statistically significant dose-response was found for pack-year history and the number of cigarettes currently smoked per day on the prevalence of shoulder disorders.

Descriptors :   *SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS, *MEDICAL EXAMINATION, *MUSCULOSKELETAL DISEASES, *TOBACCO SMOKING, MILITARY PERSONNEL, MANUFACTURING, ORDER DISORDER TRANSFORMATIONS, OFFICER PERSONNEL, PUBLIC HEALTH, SHOULDERS(ANATOMY), CONVULSIVE DISORDERS, AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY, NICOTINE, TOBACCO PLANTS.

Subject Categories : Medicine and Medical Research
      Toxicology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE