Accession Number : ADA309630

Title :   Medical Prisoners of War: The Realities of Practicing Medicine in Captivity.

Descriptive Note : Final technical rept.,

Corporate Author : SCHOOL OF AEROSPACE MEDICINE BROOKS AFB TX

Personal Author(s) : Raymond, Matthew W.

PDF Url : ADA309630

Report Date : APR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 29

Abstract : American military forces are often deployed overseas on peacekeeping or humanitarian missions. The Gulf War demonstrated that international tensions may flare rapidly and United States military personnel could be involved in an armed conflict with little advance notice. As a consequence of their service in the Armed Forces, military physicians could be captured and interned as prisoners of war (POW), yet few consider this possibility. Lack of preparedness in the past has led to reduced survival rates among POWs. The medical prisoner who possesses a knowledge of military history will have a more realistic view of conditions and treatment to be expected while in captivity, and will be better prepared psychologically for his (or her) ordeal. These personnel should also be aware of their rights and legal responsibilities under the provisions of the Geneva accord. In previous wars the rights of captive physicians have been very different from the realities of their day-to day existence. Medical personnel, by virtue of their special status under the Geneva Conventions, are granted certain latitude regarding the Code of Conduct, especially as it pertains to (1) the duty of the POW to escape, and (2) communications with captors. This flexibility is contingent on the captors' compliance with the provisions of the Geneva Conventions. The captive physician must keep faith with other prisoners and trust that the U.S. will be making every effort to secure his early release.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), *MEDICAL PERSONNEL, *PRISONERS OF WAR, WEAPONS, NATIONAL GUARD, MILITARY PERSONNEL, WARFARE, DEPLOYMENT, GULFS, HEALTH, MEDICINE, TENSION, MILITARY MEDICINE, HISTORY, RELEASE, CONFLICT, WOUNDS AND INJURIES, SURVIVAL(PERSONNEL), PHYSICIANS, INTERNATIONAL LAW, OVERSEAS, MILITARY LAW, LATITUDE, CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS, PEACEKEEPING.

Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE