Accession Number : ADA309988

Title :   Applications of GPS in Operation Desert Clean Sweep,

Corporate Author : NATIONAL AIR INTELLIGENCE CENTER WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : He, Gui

PDF Url : ADA309988

Report Date : 04 APR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 5

Abstract : Following Operation Desert Storm, Kuwait's territory was divided into seven regions, and the seven members of the multinational force, including the United States, France, Egypt, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Turkey, were each made responsible for battlefield cleanup in a region. This cleanup consisted of clearing away bombs and mines, demolishing bunkers, and other work to restore these areas to their pre-war condition. This operation was called Operation Desert Clean Sweep. The Conventional Munitions Systems company (CMS) was in charge of the 3126 square kilometer region for which the United States was responsible, which included a 146 square kilometer mine field. Its main missions were to determine the positions of duds and move them away, to recover discarded tanks and trucks, and to demolish bunkers. To make cleanup more convenient, CMS divided its region into 36 smaller areas. CMS employed 150 American demolition experts. According to estimates, there were 1.25 million unexploded bombs in this area and 500,000 mines of sixteen different types. CMS used the satellite navigation global positioning system (GPS) in this cleanup project to position objects to be cleaned up. CMS 5 method was to have cleanup personnel go on foot or by small truck to carry out on-the-spot surface investigations, use GPS receivers for positioning after finding target objects, and input relevant information into a computer. This information included the positions of target objects, their type, their quantity, which group found them, and other data and information.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY OPERATIONS, *GLOBAL POSITIONING SYSTEM, PAKISTAN, POSITION(LOCATION), IRAQ, KUWAIT, UNITED STATES, EGYPT, BATTLEFIELDS, MINEFIELDS, TARGETS, RADIO RECEIVERS, MISSIONS, FRANCE, AMMUNITION, COMPANY LEVEL ORGANIZATIONS, TRUCKS, CLEANING, BOMBS, TURKEY, FORTIFICATIONS, UNEXPLODED AMMUNITION, BANGLADESH.

Subject Categories : Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics
      Navigation and Guidance

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE