Accession Number : ADA309990

Title :   Basic Training: Services are using a Variety of Approaches to Gender Integration.

Corporate Author : GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL A FFAIRS DIV

PDF Url : ADA309990

Report Date : JUN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 14

Abstract : This report reviews enlisted basic training to determine the (1) extent to which the services are conducting gender-integrated basic training; (2) changes that were made to accommodate this training and the cost of the changes; (3) pass/fail rates (or other measures of performance) for gender-integrated basic training compared with those for segregated training; and (4) training regimen, results, and issues related to the current gender-integrated basic training compared with the Army's previous experiences with gender-integrated basic training. Women have traditionally played a role in the military services. In recent years, many more career fields have opened to women, and their assignment opportunities have considerably expanded. In the past, all of the services had different programs for basic training for men and women and conducted the training for the two groups separately. More recently, however, the services have adjusted their philosophy of basic training for women and now have programs more closely aligned with those of the men. During fiscal year 1995, the services trained 179,068 recruits-18 percent of whom were women. Women comprised 18 percent of the 75,616 basic training graduates in the Army, 20 percent of the 40,813 graduates in the Navy, 24 percent of the 30,515 graduates in the Air Force, and 5 percent of the 32,124 graduates in the Marine Corps.

Descriptors :   *MODIFICATION, *ENLISTED PERSONNEL, *INTEGRATION, *MALES, *MILITARY TRAINING, *PERSONNEL DEVELOPMENT, *FEMALES, *EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY, MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), MILITARY HISTORY, LOW COSTS, PERFORMANCE TESTS, INTERACTIONS, CAREERS, LIMITATIONS, PHYSICAL FITNESS, WOMEN, RECRUITS, MEDICAL EXAMINATION, MILITARY HYGIENE, SEGREGATION(SOCIOLOGY).

Subject Categories : Sociology and Law
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations
      Military Forces and Organizations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE