Accession Number : ADA309999

Title :   Military Exports. Offset Demands Continue to Grow.

Corporate Author : GENERAL ACCOUNTING OFFICE WASHINGTON DC NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL A FFAIRS DIV

PDF Url : ADA309999

Report Date : 12 APR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 41

Abstract : This report reviews the nature and extent of offset requirements associated with military exports. It also defines offsets as the entire range of industrial and commercial compensation practices provided to foreign governments and firms as inducements or conditions for the purchase of military goods and services. They include coproduction, technology transfer, training, investment, marketing assistance, and commodity trading. Since the mid-1980s, government figures show that U.S. companies have entered into offset agreements valued at over $84 billion. The objectives were to (1) determine how the offset goals and strategies of major buying countries have changed; (2) identify the offset requirements of these countries and the types of activities being undertaken to satisfy their requirements; and (3) identify the impacts of offsets and what actions, if any, the U.S. government has taken on this issue. Our review focused on 10 buying countries from the Middle East, Asia, and Europe. We obtained data from nine major defense contractors on their experiences in these countries over the past 10 years.

Descriptors :   *ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, *EXPORTS, *FOREIGN MILITARY SALES, *DEMAND(ECONOMICS), MILITARY FORCES(UNITED STATES), EUROPE, MILITARY SUPPLIES, DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE, MILITARY REQUIREMENTS, COMMERCE, MARKETING, INVESTMENTS, MIDDLE EAST, GOVERNMENT(FOREIGN), TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER, INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION, CONTRACTORS, MILITARY TRAINING, AGREEMENTS, INTERNATIONAL TRADE, COMPENSATION, ASIA.

Subject Categories : Economics and Cost Analysis
      Logistics, Military Facilities and Supplies

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE