Accession Number : ADA310089

Title :   Conducting Polymer Materials,

Corporate Author : JOINT PUBLICATIONS RESEARCH SERVICE ARLINGTON VA

Personal Author(s) : Gul, V. Y.

PDF Url : ADA310089

Report Date : 07 JUL 1969

Pagination or Media Count : 37

Abstract : In contrast to the metal conductors used at present, conducting polymer materials have the following advantages: high corrosion resistance, ease of workability when manufacturing products of complex shapes, lower specific weight, elasticity and bend resistance, the possibility of operation with multiple deformations, cheapness and great accessibility in comparison with metals. They can replace rare nonferrous and precious metals -- lead, copper, aluminum, silver and so on. Several basic areas of utilization of conducting polymer materials, for example heating various media by an electric current, are known. As examples of utilization of conducting polymer materials for heating purposes, let us mention the following: the manufacture of rubber or plastic heating elements for heating indoor facilities instead of steam radiators; heating work areas on oil drilling rigs and at open air installations of chemical plants; electrical heating of concrete and reinforced concrete structural elements; manufacture of heating stoves, and so on; manufacture of elastic electrodes used in medical practice for physiotherapy instead of lead, heating hothouse incubators and so on. The development of such branches of the national economy as agriculture, machine-building, the aviation industry and also the development of railroad transportation with a simultaneous sharp increase in the power base have set the problem of development and creation of new materials by means of which it would be possible to insure accurate, safe thermostating of various units and systems and also heating accommodations and various devices with a high degree of reliability for appreciable time intervals.

Descriptors :   *POLYMERS, *RUBBER, *ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY, *PLASTICS, USSR, MANUFACTURING, DEFORMATION, ELASTIC PROPERTIES, CONCRETE, SEMICONDUCTORS, BENDING, CORROSION RESISTANCE, ALUMINUM, ELECTRODES, HEATING, LIGHTWEIGHT, ELECTRIC CONDUCTORS, REINFORCED CONCRETE, PRECIOUS METALS, HEATING ELEMENTS, ELECTRIC HEATERS.

Subject Categories : Polymer Chemistry
      Plastics
      Elastomers and Rubber
      Electricity and Magnetism

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE