Accession Number : ADA310297

Title :   Environmental Intensity, Stress, and Training.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jan 94-Dec 95,

Corporate Author : ARMY RESEARCH INST FOR THE BEHAVIORAL AND SOCIAL SCIENCES ALEXANDRIA VA

Personal Author(s) : Teague, Ross C. ; Park, Ok-Choon

PDF Url : ADA310297

Report Date : FEB 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 24

Abstract : Stress and its effects on task performance and on human physical and mental well-being have received a great amount of attention. The majority of the efforts directed at reducing the negative effects of stress have either been after-the-fact treatments of individuals exposed to stress or 'time out' methods that include relaxation and communication techniques. While these have been shown to be useful techniques, their effectiveness is limited. Certain tasks do not allow for 'time out' exercises, and only treating individuals after the fact does not remove the negative effects of stress on performance. There is a need, then, for preparing individuals to perform in environments in which stress and its effects can negatively influence performance and the task that does not allow for 'time out' exercises. This paper discusses methods for training individuals for performance in an intense environment. Phased-intensity and graduated-intensity training are discussed in detail. Phased-intensity training allows the trainees to practice the basic skills without any level of intensity present and then to experience the intensity level that the trainee will encounter in the actual task performance situation. Graduated-intensity training presents intensity throughout training with a gradual increase as training continues. This review points out the flexibility and ease with which intensity of the training environment can be presented using simulators.

Descriptors :   *ARMY TRAINING, *PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), *STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, SKILLS, ARMY PERSONNEL, SOCIAL COMMUNICATION, TEAMS(PERSONNEL), MORALE, INTENSITY, WORKLOAD, MENTAL ABILITY, JOB SATISFACTION, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), PERSONALITY, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, INDIVIDUALIZED TRAINING, REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), ADJUSTMENT(PSYCHOLOGY), ANXIETY, STRESS RELAXATION.

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE