Accession Number : ADA310303

Title :   Investigations of Naturalistic Decision Making and the Recognition-Primed Decision Model.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. Jul 85-Jul 88,

Corporate Author : KLEIN ASSOCIATES INC YELLOW SPRINGS OH

Personal Author(s) : Klein, Gary A. ; Calderwood, Roberta

PDF Url : ADA310303

Report Date : MAR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 127

Abstract : This monograph reviews 3 years of research concerned with how experienced personnel make decisions in operational settings characterized by real-time information processing, shifting goals, and high-risk consequences. The study method combined field studies with experiments designed to test specific hypotheses. Study domains were selected so that findings would have high potential for generalizing to military command-and-control decision making. Critical decision interviews were carried out with experienced personnel, including urban fire ground commanders, wildland fire incident commanders, and U.S. Army tank platoon leaders. Interviews were designed to elicit information on the cues, goals, and option evaluation strategies used by these personnel. Based on these interviews, the relationships among such factors as time pressure, experience level, and group interactions were explored.

Descriptors :   *DECISION MAKING, *REASONING, COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION, SCENARIOS, SKILLS, STRATEGIC ANALYSIS, TIME DEPENDENCE, REAL TIME, ARMY PERSONNEL, ARMY TRAINING, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), COGNITION, STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), TEAMS(PERSONNEL), PROBLEM SOLVING, CASE STUDIES, MILITARY EXERCISES, FIRE FIGHTING, WORKLOAD, MILITARY COMMANDERS, PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), ROLES(BEHAVIOR), CUES(STIMULI), BATTLE MANAGEMENT.

Subject Categories : Psychology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE