Accession Number : ADA310460

Title :   An Investigation of Microstructural Characteristics of Contact-Lens Polymers.

Descriptive Note : Technical paper,

Corporate Author : NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION HAMPTON VA LANGLEY RESEARCH CEN TER

Personal Author(s) : Singh, Jag J. ; Eftekhari, Abe ; Upchurch, Billy T. ; Burns, Karen S.

PDF Url : ADA310460

Report Date : DEC 1990

Pagination or Media Count : 12

Abstract : The free volume and gas permeability in several contact-lens samples have been measured as part of a space commercialization program. Free volume was measured by using positron lifetime spectroscopy, while permeability for 02, N2, and CO2 gases was measured by using mass spectrometry and polarography. Permeability for all gases increases with the mean free-volume cell size in the test samples. As might be expected, the samples with the highest free-volume fraction also exhibit the lowest Rockwell hardness number. An interesting corollary of this study is the finding that the presence of fluorine atoms in the lens chemical structure inhibits the filling up of the free-volume cells. This is expected to allow the lenses to breathe freely while in actual use.

Descriptors :   *MICROSTRUCTURE, *POLYMERS, *CONTACT LENSES, TEST AND EVALUATION, PERMEABILITY, OPTIMIZATION, SPACECRAFT, ATOMS, GASES, FLUORINE, SAMPLING, MOLECULAR STRUCTURE, LIFE SPAN(BIOLOGY), HARDNESS, LENSES, MASS SPECTROMETRY, POLAROGRAPHY, POSITRONS.

Subject Categories : Polymer Chemistry
      Coatings, Colorants and Finishes
      Optics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE