Accession Number : ADA310582

Title :   Transport Water Impact, Part 2.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : GALAXY SCIENTIFIC CORP EGG HARBOR TOWNSHIP NJ

Personal Author(s) : Tahliani, Jagdeep M. ; Muller, Mark

PDF Url : ADA310582

Report Date : MAY 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 115

Abstract : This report documents the second of a two-part program intended to study the over-water operating environment of jet transport aircraft. The report is comprised of three sections: aircraft accident analysis, airport water rescue, and emergency flotation devices. Worldwide transport airplane accident data from 1959 to the present were reviewed with an emphasis on water impact accidents and land impact accidents that occurred near airports. A sample of these land impact accidents were analyzed, using a mathematical model, to predict their outcome had they impacted a body of water. Water rescue programs at 23 national airports were surveyed addressing facilities, equipment, personnel, operations, and the airport water environment. New water rescue techniques and equipment were examined. A study of current federal regulations and NTSB recommendations regarding airport water rescue was performed. Personal flotation devices (PFDs), seat cushions, life preservers, life rafts, evacuation slides, and slide-raft combinations carried on commercial transport aircraft were studied. Relevant Federal Aviation Regulation (FARs) and Technical Standard Orders (TSOs) were reviewed. Recommendations on improving the existing regulations and incorporating new features into the devices to improve performance and reliability of the devices are discussed.

Descriptors :   *SURVIVABILITY, *AVIATION ACCIDENTS, *LANDING IMPACT, *AIR SEA RESCUES, MATHEMATICAL MODELS, POLICIES, EMERGENCIES, COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT, HAZARDS, REACTION TIME, DAMAGE ASSESSMENT, IMPACT SHOCK, SURVEYS, JET TRANSPORT AIRCRAFT, CIVIL AVIATION, MEDICAL SERVICES, AIRPORTS, REGULATIONS, OCEAN ENVIRONMENTS, LIFE RAFTS, EVACUATION, FLOTATION, LIFE PRESERVERS, AVIATION INJURIES, CRASHWORTHINESS, SEA RESCUE EQUIPMENT, RESCUE VEHICLES.

Subject Categories : Terminal Flight Facilities
      Commercial and General Aviation
      Escape, Rescue and Survival

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE