Accession Number : ADA311046

Title :   NATO Enlargement: Opinions and Options,

Corporate Author : NATIONAL DEFENSE UNIV WASHINGTON DC INST FOR NATIONAL STRATEGIC STUDIES

Personal Author(s) : Simon, Jeffrey

PDF Url : ADA311046

Report Date : 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 209

Abstract : NATO Enlargement begins with a review of NATO's origins, development, and expansion experiences. It then examines the usefulness of the Western European Union (WEU) and the Partnership for Peace (PFP) program as paths to NATO membership. It evaluates the efforts of the visegrad states to achieve membership and presents the perspectives of EU/WEU Associate Partners (Poland, Romania, and Lithuania) in support of NATO enlargement. The contrary views of successor states of the former Soviet Union (Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus) follow. The Russian government is adamantly opposed to NATO enlargement, arguing that it would be damaging to Russia's economic, political, and military interests, and would isolate Russia. Ukraine supports NATO expansion if it does not exclude or isolate states, or acknowledge any Russian 'sphere of influence' over former USSR territory. Belarus argues the need for a European security council that reflects European interests, restricts the sphere of American influence in European affairs, and includes Russia and other former states of the Soviet Union. Taking up the question of how NATO must change if it is to enlarge, the book considers political, military and defense program requirements. When NATO enlarges, major political changes will become necessary, military command relationships will need to be modified, and defense infrastructure requirements will be enormous. Three conclusions emerge: (1) dramatic progress in the Partnership for Peace program has led to a high degree of self-differentiation among the partner states, and has shifted Central European attitudes toward PFP from one of skepticism to one of enthusiastic support; (2) Expansion would have a very negative impact politically within Russia, damage from which a compensation package will not fully offset; and (3) NATO enlargement will take years to accomplish.

Descriptors :   *NATO, *MILITARY REQUIREMENTS, *POLITICAL ALLIANCES, *EXPANSION, *DEFENSE PLANNING, *WESTERN EUROPE, MILITARY PERSONNEL, POLITICAL SCIENCE, NATIONAL SECURITY, ECONOMICS, MODIFICATION, PATHS, HISTORY, RUSSIA, GUIDANCE, CIVILIAN PERSONNEL, POLAND, COMMUNITY RELATIONS, RUMANIA, RAPID DEPLOYMENT, UKRAINE, LITHUANIA, BELARUS.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE