Accession Number : ADA311140

Title :   The Paradox of Political Islam: Unity and Diversity in the Greater Middle East.

Descriptive Note : Master's thesis,

Corporate Author : NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY CA

Personal Author(s) : Carr, William J.

PDF Url : ADA311140

Report Date : MAR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 219

Abstract : With the worldwide political changes brought about by the end of the Cold War, political Islam has gained new significance as a potential threat to U.S. interests. Assessments of the phenomenon have varied, ranging from an Islamic replacement for the communist global ideological menace to a more legitimate expression of social and political activism within Muslim countries. The United States does not have a coherent, long-term policy toward this resurgent ideological force. An objective assessment of political Islam must be developed to enable policy-makers to understand the true nature and aspirations of the Islamists, and to cra appropriate responses. This thesis argues that political Is lam is not a monolithic 'Green Menace'; while pervasive, and influence by unifying aspects of a common Third World 'crises' environment and the 'fundamentals' of the Islamic faith, it is paradoxically a diverse grouping of ideologies that is polycentric in character. These ideologies vary in specific origins and means of sociopolitic action, while emphasizing a political focus aimed primarily at the local, intrastate levels. Given the phenomenon's multifaceted nature, the U.S. must develop a similar diversity in its policy approaches.

Descriptors :   *MIDDLE EAST, *ISLAM, *POLITICAL REVOLUTION, GLOBAL, UNITED STATES, POLICIES, POLITICAL SCIENCE, THESES, LONG RANGE(TIME), COLD WAR, HISTORY.

Subject Categories : Government and Political Science
      Humanities and History

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE