Accession Number : ADA311172

Title :   Integrated Use of Fluridone and a Fungal Pathogen for Control of Hydrilla.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS ENVIRONMENTAL LAB

Personal Author(s) : Netherland, Michael D. ; Schearer, Judy F.

PDF Url : ADA311172

Report Date : JUN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 14

Abstract : Combinations of the herbicide fluridone (1-methyl-3-phenyl-5-3-(TRIFLUOROMETHYL) PHENYL-4(1H)-pyridinone! and the microbial pathogen Mycoleptodiscus terrestris (Gerdemann) Ostazeski (Mt) were tested for efficacy under controlled-environment conditions against dioecious hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata (L.f.) Royle). Fluridone rates of 2, 5, and 12 micrograms/L, Mt rates of 25, 50, 100, and 200 colony forming units (CFU) per milliliter, and integrated treatments of 2, 5, and 12 micrograms/L + 100 and 200 CFU/ml, and 12 micrograms/L + 25 and 50 CFU/ml were tested. Although a dose response was noted among fluridone rates, all treatments resulted in linear decreases in biomass, photosynthesis (PTS), and chlorophyll from 14 through 94 days posttreatment. In contrast, Mt applications of 25 and 50 CFU/ml were ineffective throughout the study. Mt at 25 and 50 CFU/ml + 12 micrograms/L fluridone showed no differences from the 12 micrograms/L fluridone treatment alone. As Mt rates were increased to 100 and 200 CFU/ml, severe initial injury was noted within 5 days; however, PTS and chlorophyll showed strong signs of recovery of 14 days, and biomass was fully recovered by 28 days posttreatment. Fluridone at all rates + Mt at 100 and 200 CFU/ml produced rapid injury and biomass reductions of >90 percent by 28 days posttreatment. The lack of intact viable tissue prevented sampling of physiological variables past 28 days. No differences were noted between the integrated treatments, indicating a lack of dose response. Mt at rates of 100 and 200 CFU/ml resulted in rapid plant injury; however, only short-term control was achieved. Continuous exposure to fluridone resulted in a steady reduction in biomass over time.

Descriptors :   *FUNGI, *AQUATIC ORGANISMS, *PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS, *MICROORGANISMS, *HERBICIDES, STEADY STATE, INTEGRATED SYSTEMS, EXPOSURE(GENERAL), REDUCTION, PHYSIOLOGICAL EFFECTS, SAMPLING, DOSAGE, WOUNDS AND INJURIES, RESPONSE(BIOLOGY), AQUATIC PLANTS, BIOMASS CONVERSION, BIOCIDES, CHLOROPHYLLS, PHOTOSYNTHESIS.

Subject Categories : Ecology
      Microbiology

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE