Accession Number : ADA311256

Title :   Gender Composition of High Stress Tactical Decision Making Teams: Impact on Team Process and Outcome.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 9 Jan 95-1 Apr 96,

Corporate Author : ARMSTRONG LAB BROOKS AFB TX

Personal Author(s) : Elliott, Linda R. ; Hollenbeck, John R. ; Tower, Spencer L.

PDF Url : ADA311256

Report Date : APR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 63

Abstract : This study is based on a university-developed synthetic task, the Team Interactive Decision Exercise for Teams Incorporating Distributed Expertise (TIDE2). It was predicted that teams of varying gender configuration would differ in communication and coordination patterns, and that these differences would account for significant variation in team process and outcome measures. Gender configuration of teams was manipulated using six unique gender configurations. Predictions relating gender configuration to team effectiveness were made within the theoretical framework of the Multi-level theory (MLT) of team performance (Hollenbeck et al., 1995), where team members have distributed expertise and hierarchical structure. Results demonstrated significant differences in performance among the gender groups, with all male teams performing most accurately, and teams with a male leader and two female subordinates performing least accurately. This variance in team performance was found to be due to differences in efficiency/effectiveness of information exchange, such that team members of low performing teams did not acquire requisite information for decision making. In addition, it was demonstrated that measures of gender configuration which have been commonly used provided misleading results, which may explain the conflicting results reported in the past. The MLT theoretical propositions were tested and supported.

Descriptors :   *DECISION MAKING, *STRESS(PSYCHOLOGY), *TEAMS(PERSONNEL), *TACTICAL COMMUNICATIONS, COMMAND CONTROL COMMUNICATIONS, ARMY RESEARCH, LEADERSHIP, INFORMATION EXCHANGE, PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), MORALE, ACCURACY, SENSITIVITY, OPERATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS, REGRESSION ANALYSIS, INFORMATION RETRIEVAL, PATTERN RECOGNITION, MILITARY EXERCISES, MALES, MESSAGE PROCESSING, JUDGEMENT(PSYCHOLOGY), MILITARY TACTICS, AWARENESS, FEMALES, INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, WORD RECOGNITION, REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), VERBAL BEHAVIOR, ROLES(BEHAVIOR), DEFENSE MECHANISMS(PSYCHOLOGY).

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE