Accession Number : ADA311294

Title :   Synchronous Capture of Image Sequences from Multiple Cameras.

Descriptive Note : Technical rept.,

Corporate Author : CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA ROBOTICS INST

Personal Author(s) : Narayanan, P. J. ; Rander, Peter ; Kanade, Takeo

PDF Url : ADA311294

Report Date : DEC 1995

Pagination or Media Count : 14

Abstract : Several applications today need to digitally capture every frame of a video stream or a camera. These range from psychological studies to surveillance to video processing. Some applications also need to capture the fames from multiple video streams synchronously and to correlate them with one another. A video stream of color data, though, represents a sustained bandwidth of about 26 Mbytes per second from the digitizing hardware to a secondary storage service without compression. This rate is well beyond the capabilities of most affordable systems today. We present a system that can synchronously capture every frame--or any user-specified subset of them--from multiple cameras and store them ion a regular secondary storage device. The outputs of the cameras are recorded an tape using conventional VCRs. The Vertical Interval Time Code (VITC) is inserted onto each stream before recording. Each tape is played back, repeatedly under computer control of necessary, off-line on an editing VCR to grab the frames using a commercial digitizer. The VITC data is used to directly identify the frames while the tape is played back. We believe it is the first system in the world that can capture every frame from multiple video streams synchronously, fully scalable in the number of streams and the duration of capture. Finally, the system is inexpensive, costing $500 per channel. We present the system, its components, and the process of verifying the capturing process. We then discuss a few computer vision research projects made feasible by such a system.

Descriptors :   *OPTICAL IMAGES, *CAMERAS, OUTPUT, TIME SERIES ANALYSIS, SEQUENCES, CODING, COLORS, FRAMES, COMPUTER VISION, VISUAL PERCEPTION, BANDWIDTH, ANALOG TO DIGITAL CONVERTERS, INTERVALS.

Subject Categories : Photography
      Optics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE