Accession Number : ADA311421

Title :   Abiotische en Biotische Afbraak van 2,4,6-trinitrotolueen in Grond en Water. Literatuurstudie en Aanbevelingen voor Analytisch Onderzoek (Abiotic and Biotic Degradation of 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene in Soil and Water. Literature Review and Recommendations for Analytical Method Development).

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : PRINS MAURITS LABORATORIUM TNO RIJSWIJK (NETHERLANDS)

Personal Author(s) : Kientz, Ch. E.

PDF Url : ADA311421

Report Date : MAY 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 24

Abstract : The pollution of soil and water with explosives and related compounds caused by military activities has been known for a long time. In this report the literature describing the abiotic and biotic transformation of 2,4,6- trinitrotoluene (TNT) and related compounds is reviewed. In recent years progress in understanding the environ- mental fate of such substances has been made from the many studies published in the past. Recent development using microbial processes that could be used for remediation of TNT-contaminated soils and waste waters look promising. Procedures are reviewed for qualitative screening and subsequent quantitation of residues of TNT employing HPLC including analytical holding times of samples, liquid-liquid and solid phase extraction and recovery. Finally the recent use of micellar electrokinetic capillary electrophoresis for the analysis of TNT and related compounds is discussed.

Descriptors :   *WASTE WATER, *EXPLOSIVES, *WATER POLLUTION, *CONTAMINANTS, *SOIL POLLUTION, *TNT, *ELECTROKINETICS, MILITARY OPERATIONS, LITERATURE SURVEYS, NETHERLANDS, LONG RANGE(TIME), EXTRACTION, WASTES, POLLUTION, LANGUAGE TRANSLATION, DUTCH LANGUAGE, RESIDUES, MICROORGANISMS, ABIOTIC PROCESSES, SOLID PHASES, BIODETERIORATION.

Subject Categories : Ammunition and Explosives
      Explosions
      Solid Wastes Pollution and Control
      Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE