Accession Number : ADA311432

Title :   Computing and Communications in the Extreme: Research for Crisis Management and Other Applications.

Corporate Author : NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCES-NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL WASHINGTON DC

PDF Url : ADA311432

Report Date : 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 173

Abstract : Crises are extreme events. They cause significant disruption and put lives and property at risk. Some crises arise from natural disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes, fires and floods. Man-made crises can be accidental such as oil spills or the release of toxic substances, or they may be intentional, such as bombings by terrorists. Crises require an immediate response and a coordinated application of resources facilities, and efforts beyond those regularly available to handle routine problems. Crisis management was the primary application area examined in the Workshop Series on High Performance Computing and Communications conducted by the Computer Science and Telecommunications Board of the National Research Council (see Box S.1). Crisis management was selected not only because of its critical importance to public safety and well-being, but also because building good tools that are useful in meeting the extreme demands of crisis management requires significant advances across a combination of many different, broadly applicable computing and communications technologies. The challenges confronting crisis volunteers are extreme in several dimensions. Crises require an extraordinary quantity of resources. such as search and rescue teams, medical assistance, food, and shelter. The demands are highly diverse implying a need for cooperation among many, different actors and largely unpredictable in terms of location, time, and specific resources needed.

Descriptors :   *COMPUTATIONS, *COMPUTER APPLICATIONS, CRISIS MANAGEMENT, EMERGENCIES, QUANTITY, TOXICITY, FACILITIES, RELEASE, RESOURCES, FLOODS, FOOD, SHOPS(WORK AREAS), OIL SPILLS.

Subject Categories : Computer Hardware

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE