Accession Number : ADA311551

Title :   MacArthur's Airman: General George C. Kenney and the Air War in the Southwest Pacific Theater in World War II.

Descriptive Note : Doctoral thesis,

Corporate Author : AIR FORCE INST OF TECH WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OH

Personal Author(s) : Griffith, Thomas E., Jr

PDF Url : ADA311551

Report Date : 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 539

Abstract : As the theater air commander in the Southwest Pacific during World War II, General George C. Kenney played a pivotal role in the conduct of the war, but his performance has remained relatively unexplored. The first part of the dissertation concentrates on Kenney's background before World War II. This section details his family history, youth, and experiences as an observation pilot on the Western Front during World War I. It then traces his career in the Army Air Corps through a variety of assignments that expanded his knowledge of aviation and military operations. The bulk of the work focuses on Kenney's role in planning operations that exploited the advantages of air power to accomplish the objectives set by the theater commander, General Douglas MacArthur. Kenney was an innovator, both operationally and organizationally, who willing junked existing doctrine and tactics if they were ineffective, such as the shift he made to low-level attacks for better bombing results. He quickly grasped the value of ULTRA intelligence and exploited the Allied advantage in breaking the Japanese radio codes in nearly every operation. Kenney cultivated a close relationship with MacArthur, which proved problematic in his relations with General Henry H. "Hap" Arnold, Commanding General of the Army Air Forces, who supplied Kenney with planes, people, and parts. Kenney's influence on strategic decisions is examined, but because the focus is on the theater level, these decisions and the tactical details of most missions are not discussed in detail. The nature of combat in the Southwest Pacific meant that Kenney worked closely with the ground commanders in the theater, Generals Walter Krueger and Robert Eichelberger as well as the naval commanders, Admirals Thomas Kinkaid and Daniel Barbey.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY HISTORY, *THEATER LEVEL OPERATIONS, *LEADERSHIP, *SKILLS, *CAREERS, *MILITARY COMMANDERS, *BIOGRAPHIES, *INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, *SOUTH PACIFIC OCEAN, MILITARY OPERATIONS, MILITARY STRATEGY, DECISION MAKING, ARMY PERSONNEL, MILITARY DOCTRINE, NAVAL PERSONNEL, AIR FORCE PERSONNEL, AERIAL WARFARE, GENERAL OFFICERS, ARMY PLANNING, MILITARY TACTICS, AIR POWER, ARMY AVIATION, ARMY INTELLIGENCE, HUMAN RELATIONS, YOUTH.

Subject Categories : Information Science
      Humanities and History
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE