Accession Number : ADA311578

Title :   Review of Chlorine and Organohalides and Their Significance to The Royal Australian Navy,

Corporate Author : DEFENCE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ORGANIZATION MELBOURNE (AUSTRALIA)

Personal Author(s) : Upsher, F. J. ; Fletcher, Lyn E.

PDF Url : ADA311578

Report Date : MAR 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 54

Abstract : There is increasing global disquiet about the concentration of chlorine compounds found in the natural environment. When chlorine is mixed with ship sewage up to 10% of applied chlorine can be converted to organohalides. Chlorine and residual oxidants are readily dissipated and their environmental effects are of lesser significance than the potential toxicity of the organohalides. Organohalides readily bioaccumulate and are persistent in the environment. Their presence has been associated with tumours and cancers, birth defects, interference with reproduction and behavioural problems. These effects are greatest in animals at the end of the food chain, including sea birds, whales and dolphins.

Descriptors :   *HALIDES, *ORGANIC COMPOUNDS, *CHLORINE COMPOUNDS, SHIPS, ENVIRONMENTS, TOXICITY, NAVY, ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT, RESIDUALS, OXIDIZERS, ANIMALS, AUSTRALIA, BIRDS, SEA BASED, CONCENTRATION(CHEMISTRY), CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS, CANCER, SEWAGE, WHALES, DOLPHINS(MAMMALS), FOOD CHAINS.

Subject Categories : Inorganic Chemistry
      Organic Chemistry
      Marine Engineering
      Defense Systems
      Water Pollution and Control

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE