Accession Number : ADA311655

Title :   Female and Male Aviators are not Affected Differently by Sleep Deprivation and Continuous Task Demands.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : ARMY AEROMEDICAL RESEARCH LAB FORT RUCKER AL

Personal Author(s) : Caldwell, John A., Jr. ; Caldwell, J. L.

PDF Url : ADA311655

Report Date : JUN 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 25

Abstract : Recent changes in U.S. military regulations have brought about the assignment of female aviators to combat roles. This has been the topic of serious debate, but there are few facts concerning differences between males' and females' abilities to withstand combat-relevant stressors. This study was conducted to determine whether there are gender differences in responses to a common operational stressor, sleep deprivation. Six male and six female UH-60 helicopter pilots were exposed to a 40-hour period of continuous wakefulness and tested on flight performance and mood. The flight performance results indicated that gender produced virtually no operationally significant differences in the effects of sleep loss. Furthermore, although mood evaluations showed that women felt less tense and more energetic overall than their male counterparts, there were no interactions between sleep deprivation and gender. Thus, male and female aviators appear equally capable of performing flight-related tasks despite moderate sleep loss.

Descriptors :   *SLEEP DEPRIVATION, *REACTION(PSYCHOLOGY), *AVIATION MEDICINE, *ENDURANCE(PHYSIOLOGY), ARMY RESEARCH, ATTITUDES(PSYCHOLOGY), PERFORMANCE(HUMAN), PILOTS, HELICOPTERS, AIR NAVIGATION, MALES, FLIGHT MANEUVERS, JUDGEMENT(PSYCHOLOGY), FLIGHT SIMULATION, ATTENTION, THRESHOLDS(PHYSIOLOGY), PERCEPTION(PSYCHOLOGY), ARMY AVIATION, FEMALES, REST, NEUROPHYSIOLOGY, FATIGUE(PHYSIOLOGY), PSYCHOPHYSIOLOGY, ANXIETY.

Subject Categories : Psychology
      Stress Physiology
      Helicopters
      Medicine and Medical Research

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE