Accession Number : ADA311656

Title :   The Operational Failure of U.S. Submarines at the Battle of Midway - and Implications for Today.

Descriptive Note : Final rept.,

Corporate Author : NAVAL WAR COLL NEWPORT RI JOINT MILITARY OPERATIONS DEPT

Personal Author(s) : Hunnicutt, Thomas G.

PDF Url : ADA311656

Report Date : 20 MAY 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 31

Abstract : U.S. submarine operational failure led to tactical insignificance at the Battle of Midway. This was a remarkable outcome since interwar U.S. policy, submarine design, and fleet exercises dictated fleet support by submarines. From today's view this failure is neither unique to a platform nor specific to an operation. It can and does cross all services. The operational failure at Midway resulted from the failure to abide by the operational art factors of synergy, simultaneity and depth, anticipation, and leverage. These were compounded by failure to provide adequate C31 system operational support. These failures were a consequence of the submarine force, and the Navy, not adequately addressing and training on operational art during the interwar years. Today, Navy doctrine and training still have not adequately addressed operational art though it is an essential part of joint warfare. The present use of exercises designed only to test and build tactical proficiency of air, land, or sea forces risk the same type of operational failure in future wars. Suggestions on developing operational art proficiency through innovation as a function of today's forces, budgets, and training technology are presented for consideration.

Descriptors :   *MILITARY HISTORY, *OPERATIONAL READINESS, *FAILURE, *SUBMARINES, *FLEET EXERCISES, *MILITARY ART, MILITARY STRATEGY, POLICIES, LEADERSHIP, MILITARY DOCTRINE, JOINT MILITARY ACTIVITIES, NAVAL BUDGETS, NAVAL PLANNING, MILITARY COMMANDERS, PROFICIENCY, TACTICAL WARFARE, NAVAL TRAINING, TECHNOLOGY FORECASTING.

Subject Categories : Humanities and History
      Submarine Engineering
      Military Operations, Strategy and Tactics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE