Accession Number : ADA311783

Title :   Space Debris Detection and Analysis.

Descriptive Note : Final rept. 8 Apr 92-30 Oct 95,

Corporate Author : KEO CONSULTANTS BROOKLINE MA

Personal Author(s) : Eather, Robert H. ; Lance, Cyril A. ; Vu, Quan

PDF Url : ADA311783

Report Date : 26 FEB 1996

Pagination or Media Count : 83

Abstract : A 40 cm telescope with an intensified CCD detector and video recording was used to detect space-debris objects. Participation in the ODERACS experiment showed that objects as small as 5 cm could be detected with this size telescope. Image analysis techniques were tested to enhance the low S/N debris streaks in the recorded video signals, and the Hough transform was selected as the best technique. A hardware implementation of this transform was carried out using DSP chips, and it was demonstrated that real time processing should be achievable with parallel processing with five DSP chips. Finally, an analysis was undertaken to use a known debris population distribution to project the population into the future so as to predict debris detection rates from a particular ground observation site. It was concluded that seasonal effects will compromise the usefulness of debris observations from a particular site as an indicator of any systematic changes in the debris population.

Descriptors :   *OPTICAL DETECTION, *SPACE SURVEILLANCE, *SPACECRAFT DEBRIS, IMAGE PROCESSING, OBSERVATION, PARALLEL PROCESSING, SEASONAL VARIATIONS, VIDEO SIGNALS, VIDEO RECORDING.

Subject Categories : Optical Detection and Detectors
      Astronautics

Distribution Statement : APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE